China and Brazil are among the countries that have pledged to end deforestation by 2030 – News Couple

China and Brazil are among the countries that have pledged to end deforestation by 2030

A deforested area in the Amazon rainforest in the state of Para, Brazil, on October 14, 2014.

Rafael Alves | Agence France-Presse | Getty Images

More than 100 world leaders, including US President Joe Biden, China’s Xi Jinping, and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, have committed to ending deforestation by 2030.

The deal was agreed on Monday night, but states will sign it on Tuesday.

The countries participating in the plan made a number of promises as they pledged to work collectively to “stop and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030”.

This included assurances to facilitate trade policies that promote sustainable development and sustainable production and consumption of commodities, as well as pledges to implement or redesign agricultural policies to stimulate sustainable agriculture.

Financial commitments will also be made to significantly increase investment from both the public and private sectors in areas such as sustainable agriculture, forest conservation and restoration, and support for indigenous communities often directly affected by deforestation in parts of the world.

“We urge all leaders to join efforts in the sustainable land use transition,” delegates who approved the deal said in their announcement Monday night. “This is necessary to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, including reducing exposure to the impacts of climate change, halting the increase in average global temperature to less than 2°C, and pursuing efforts to limit 1.5°C.”

“Together we can succeed in combating climate change, achieving resilient and inclusive growth, and halting and reversing forest loss and land degradation,” they added.

Other signatories to the agreement will include the United Kingdom, Australia, the European Union, Indonesia, Nigeria and Pakistan. There will be a total of 105 locations.

India – one of the world’s biggest polluters – was notably absent from the list of countries that agreed to the Glasgow Leaders Declaration on Forests and Land Use.

Narendra Modi, India’s prime minister, pledged on Monday to reach net zero carbon emissions by 2070, two decades later than the target set by COP26 regulators.

Brazilian President Bolsonaro, who has vowed to sign the deal, has faced international condemnation over deforestation and fires in the Amazon rainforest in recent years.

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